Gynecology - Birth Control

Article by Carla Layne, ARNP, CNM for Indiana University Southeast Student Health Magazine

S T D's vs. K I D's article

Birth Control Options

  • Hormonal

Hormonal options include estrogen /progesterone combination birth-control pills.  This is the most common method of prescribed contraception.  There is a progesterone only birth-control pill frequently referred to as the Mini-Pill.  The Mini-Pill is frequently used for nursing mothers or women with a history of clotting disorders known as Thrombophilia.

Additional progesterone only methods include the Mirena IUD, Implanon implantable contraceptives, and Depo-Provera.

  • Non-Hormonal

Barrier Methods include condoms, the diaphragm, and the Sponge

The Paraguard IUD is non-hormonal and effective for up to 10 years. 

  • Permanent

Permanent methods of contraception include vasectomy, tubal ligation, and the ESSURE device. 

  • Emergency Contraception
  • Commonly referred to as the morning after pill, Plan B is available over the counter at most pharmacies.  Additionally the combination birth-control pill can be used in high doses for similar results. 
  • Intrauterine and Implantable Contraceptives

The NEXPLANON implantable device, MIRENA IUD, SKYLA IUD and PARAGUARD IUD are long acting methods of birth control providing between three and ten years of effective contraception. 

Natural Family Planning

Natural Family Planning is a non-hormonal, non-contraceptive means to plan the timing of pregnancies, this method typically requires a woman to have regular cycles for accuracy. A woman observes naturally occurring signs and symptoms of fertility and practices periodic abstinence during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle.  Additional information can be found at .

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