Gynecology - STD's

  Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 15 million Americans become infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) each year.  STDs are on the rise, probably due to more sexually active people who have multiple sex partners during their lives. 

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are passed from one person to another by sexual contact. Sexual contact includes vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, oral-genital contact, skin-to-skin contact in the genital area, kissing, and the use of sex toys, such as vibrators. The diseases usually affect the genital area, for example, the penis or vagina.  The spread of STD's can be prevented in many cases. 

Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs.  Some STDs can spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can lead to both infertility and ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.  STDs can cause cervical cancer.  

STDs can also be passed from mother to baby before or during birth.  Some newborns infected with an STD may be treated, while other newborns infected with STDs can be permanently disabled or even die.  While STDs can cause significant damage to you and possibly your unborn baby, even death, in most cases, early treatment can prevent long term health problems.

 Examples of STDs are:

STDs affect men and women of all backgrounds and economic levels. They are most common in people younger than 25 years of age.

STDs may not cause symptoms. A person who is infected may not know it and may give the infection to a sex partner.

STD’s can cause significant damage to your body, even death. In most cases, early treatment can prevent long term health problems. 

 


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